I have two concerns about the Constitution Pipeline: (1) proper flood planning, and (2) leakage problems in karst terrain. I am a hydrologist with 40 years of professional experience. But I have also worked part-time for four petroleum companies, so I have no animosity toward the industry.

(1) According to published statements, the pipeline is being designed with a 5-year flood in mind. I find this difficult to believe. A 100-year flood is the typical design goal. The pipeline’s northeastern stretch must somehow cross Schoharie Creek – one of the largest rivers in the region, and probably the most flood-prone because of its la